Tuesday, December 21, 2010

Exposing Bid'ah & The Great Reward for Doing So

Here is a beautiful hadeeth from our 6th Imaam (عليه السلام)showing just how crucial it is to expose bid`ah (innovation) that people create in Islaam, and the great reward you will receive, insha’Allaah, if you were to expose these bid`ah.



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ سِرْحَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص إِذَا رَأَيْتُمْ أَهْلَ الرَّيْبِ وَ الْبِدَعِ مِنْ بَعْدِي فَأَظْهِرُوا الْبَرَاءَةَ مِنْهُمْ وَ أَكْثِرُوا مِنْ سَبِّهِمْ وَ الْقَوْلَ فِيهِمْ وَ الْوَقِيعَةَ وَ بَاهِتُوهُمْ كَيْلَا يَطْمَعُوا فِي الْفَسَادِ فِي الْإِسْلَامِ وَ يَحْذَرَهُمُ النَّاسُ وَ لَا يَتَعَلَّمُوا مِنْ بِدَعِهِمْ يَكْتُبِ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ بِذَلِكَ الْحَسَنَاتِ وَ يَرْفَعْ لَكُمْ بِهِ الدَّرَجَاتِ فِي الْآخِرَةِ

The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said: “When you will find people of bid`ah (innovation) and doubt/suspicion after me, do baraa’ (disassociation) from them and increase in your insults (sabihim) to them, and oppose (them) and bring evidences against them so they may not become greedy in bringing fasaad (corruption) to Islam. You must warn people against them and do not learn their bid`ah (innovation). Allah will write for you hasanaat (good deeds) for this, and will raise you darajaat (levels) in the next life.’”

Source:
1.     Al-Kulayni, Al-Kaafi, vol. 2, ch. 159, pg. 375, hadeeth # 4
Grading:
1.       Al-Majlisi said this hadeeth is SaHeeH (Authentic)
à Mir’aat Al-`Uqool, vol. 11, pg. 77



Other Scholar's who have said this hadeeth is SaHeeH:

1.    al-FaaDil al-Kaadhimi (d. 1065), Masaalik al-Afhaam 'ila Ayaat al-Ahkaam, vol. 2, pg. 397
2.    Shaheed al-Thaani (d. 966), Masaalik al-Afhaam ila TanqeeH Sharaa'i` al-Islaam, vol. 14, pg. 434
3.    al-Majlisi I (al-Majlisi's father), RawDah al-Muttaqeen, vol. 9, pg. 327
4.    Muhaqqiq al-Sabzawaaree (d. 1090), Kifaayah al-Ahkaam, vol. 1, pg. 437
5.    `Abd al-`Ala (d. 1414), Mahdhab al-Ahkaam, vol. 16, pg. 134
6.    `Abd Allaah al-Jazaa'iree (d. 1173), al-TuHfah al-Suniyyah, pg. 83
7.    Yoosuf al-Bahraani, al-Hadaa'iq al-NaaDirah, vol. 18, pg. 164
8.    al-Hussayn bin Aal `Asfoor al-Bahraani, Sadaad al-`Ibaad, pg. 446
9.    Muhammad Mujaahid al-Tabataba'i (d. 1242), al-Munaahil, pg. 259
10.  Ahmad al-Naraaqi (d. 1245), Mustanad al-Shee`ah fee Ahkaam al-Sharee`ah, vol. 14, pg. 162
11.  Murtada al-Ansaari (d. 1281), Kitaab al-Makaasib, vol. 1, pg. 353
12.  al-Khoei, MisbaaH al-Fuqaahah, vol. 1, pg. 354
13.  Jawad al-Tabrizi, Irshaad al-Taalib 'ila al-Ta`leeq `ala al-Makaasib, vol. 1, pg. 162
14.  Jawad al-Tabrizi, Asad al-Hadood, pg. 235
15.  Abu Talib al-Tabrizi, al-Ta`leeqah al-Istidilaaliyyah, pg. 430
16.  al-Sayfa al-Mazandaraani, Daleel Tahreer al-Waseelah, vol. 2, pg. 174
17. al-RooHaani, Fiqh al-Saadiq, vol. 14, pg. 296
18. al-RooHaani, MisbaaH al-Fuqaahah, vol. 1, pg. 379
19. Muhammad Sa`eed al-Hakeem, MisbaaH al-Minhaaj, pg. 359
20. `Alee al-Namaazee al-Shahroodi, Mustadarak Safeenah al-Bihaar, vol. 1, pg. 303 & vol. 8, pg. 202
21. Haadi al-Najafi, Mawsoo`ah aHaadeeth Ahl al-Bayt, vol. 2, pg. 25
22. al-Turayhi, Majma` al-BaHrayn, vol. 3, pg. 343
23. Muhammad Taqi al-Isfahani, Mikyaal al-Makaarim, vol. 2, pg. 259

18 comments:

  1. Salams, nice article, but I find the main problem is when we say 'innovation' in english, the defenition is clear, anything new is an innovation. However, what I have noticed is when people speak of bid'ah they say it is anything haram brought into the religion, as such anything not haram is permissable. Also, there is this idea that as long as no one claims a practice is wajib, then anything (non haram) is permissable.
    The idea of 'love of the ahlul bayt(as)' comes before the sunnah of the ahlul bayt(as), anything in the name of love is deemed mustahab, even if the ahadith tell us to do something one way.
    ws

    ReplyDelete
  2. Salamu Aleykum

    What exactly does "words of condemnation (sabihim)" mean?

    Reviling? Abusive words? Abusive curses?

    ReplyDelete
  3. Wa `Alaykum Assalaam,

    Well سب means "insult, condemn, swear". So basically you want to show the people of bid`ah your disgust towards them.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Hadith shaadh and comes from one way(ahaad) and i reject it wholeheartedly even with apparent sihha of sanad.

    these are not akhlaq of rasool allah(saww)

    ReplyDelete
  5. This hadith comes under nahih anil munkar. We must dissociate from falsehood and from people who spread lies and warn people against them. At the same time, we must show akhlaq like the Ahlul Bayt showed, this is what the hadith means. It does not mean to bad mouth people, the seriousness of this bidah/Wahabbi sect can be clearly seen by the strong words used.

    ReplyDelete
  6. Aboo 'Abd AllaahDecember 24, 2010 at 2:19 PM

    ^You are wrong. We have plenty of ahaadeeth in Al-Kashshee's Rijaal that show their strong sentiments against certain companions. Even ahaadeeth that go against Aboo Haneefah in very harsh terms. Are our A'immah (AS) wrong in that also? Is that not the akhlaaq of our A'immah (AS) as well?

    Even if this hadeeth were not so, there are SaHeeH ahaadeeth about getting reward if the hadeeth says it no matter if they said it or not.

    http://www.tashayyu.org/hadiths/preface-of-the-ibadat/desirability-of-acting-on-what-is-narrated-of-reward

    Most ahaadeeth are khabar al waaHid to begin with, that is why we do rijaal. To find out if the sanad is proper, then we accept it. The hadeeth doesn't go against the Qur'aan either.

    [48.29] Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah, and those with him are firm of heart against the unbelievers, compassionate among themselves...

    Wa Allaahu 'Aalim,
    Aboo 'Abd Allaah

    ReplyDelete
  7. Aboo 'Abd AllaahDecember 24, 2010 at 2:31 PM

    Also, Wasil I know that's probably you...

    So I know how you love Aboo Bakr and 'Umar and 'Uthmaan, but they are Ahl al-Bid'ah, Kuffaar, and Munaafiqs. All of these are according to SaHeeH ahaadeeth from the A'immah (AS).

    Those that consider them as being good are astray and that is the view of the Imaamee madhhab.

    ReplyDelete
  8. Salamu Aleykum

    Aboo'Abd Allaah how do you reconcile the hadiths in the link that you posted with the following verse in the Quran?

    And pursue not that of which thou hast no knowledge; for every act of hearing, or of seeing or of (feeling in) the heart will be enquired into (on the Day of Reckoning). (17:36)

    ReplyDelete
  9. yes i am wasil and you mr aboo abd allah are liar: where have i ever said i love shaikhain abu bakr and omar ya kadhaab? By Allah i dissociate myself from them and i don't love them but i don't have to prove anything for a liar like you.
    but hating them doesn't mean accusing them of false things like nasb because they were not nawasib and this is the view of sayed al-khoei let alone kaffir> as for nifaq then they have some degrees of nifaq without a doubt but not the nifaq that means claiming to be muslims and hiding kofr because even a donkey wouldn't believe this.
    So at least learn not to lie upon people if you have any honor.
    back to hadith is rejected by me and many shia because it encourages bad akhlaq like lying deliberately upon people and also insulting people and these are not the akhlaq of rasool allah.

    ReplyDelete
  10. Aboo 'Abd AllaahDecember 25, 2010 at 10:37 AM

    ^By Allaah (SWT), I disassociate from them as well and don't say anything that is not on terms from SaHeeH ahaadeeth against those people (i.e. Muhammad bin abee bakr dissociation from his father in Al-Kashshee's rijaal). Which means I don't attribute things that aren't needed to be attributed but truth from SaHeeH ahaadeeth.

    You have numerous times given (RA) to 'Aa'ishah. And you might back this up because she is "Umm al Mu'mineen", but you and I know the importance of making sure we denounce such individuals who fought against Imaam 'Alee (AS) and made/did bid'ah (i.e. such as Salaat al-DuHa). She is surely not of the righteous servants of Allaah (SWT). She is in the category of the wives that are on the wrong path.

    Now to the hadeeth. I don't find anything wrong regarding this hadeeth. It doesn't go against the Qur'aan. It didn't say lie. That's not what the hadeeth is saying. It is saying to increase your condemnation to these people. Like I am doing against 'Aa'ishah and the first three caliphs. I am not lying, but merely stating facts. You are misconstruing it to mean making up false things. Where does it say in this hadeeth to forge lies? It says to OPPOSE them and increase the 'sab' which means to insult/condemn them WITH EVIDENCE!

    Is that bad akhlaaq? They are dead. They are going to get punished for their crimes in this world, as will we when we die.

    Also, I am sorry if I accused you of loving the first three. I went back through some of your posts on Shee'ah Chat and saw that you did not stand up for Aboo Bakr or say (RA) after his name. I just don't agree with the part of saying (RA) after 'Aa'ishah.

    Wa Allaahu 'Aalim,
    Aboo 'Abd Allaah

    ReplyDelete
  11. Sying radhiallahu anha after ayesha's name is what's called in tashayu taqyyah mudaratyyah and this was done by holy prophet (saww) and by our imams and also pious shias. not everything we say menas what we believe > for me ayesha is an evil woman and nasibyyah without a doubt but when discussing with sunnis then i use RA out of respect for them and to cool them down a bit. But i 'd rather die than loving ayesha. I did also say RA after names of sheikhain and othman but i don't love them in anyway.
    in some of my threads when provoked i even cursed her in a way that nobody else did and i wished i was in the army of ali to cut off here head ! but i regretted this later because it backfired and some sunni friends were shocked and also she was the wife of rasool allah (saww) so i apologized and will never do it again.
    as for hadith the word " bahata " is from "buhtaan " and it means make up false things that are bad against someone and this is unacceptable.

    ReplyDelete
  12. I looked up the definition of the word باهتوهم yes it is true it can be construed as "make up lies" but after looking it up and cpnsulting many people I found the definition "bring evidence against them". So I used that as it would correlate with other hadeeth as well as with the akhlaaq of the imams.

    This hadeeth is not about a particular person or group of people. Bid'ah is done by everyone and it isn't done only with a particular group of people. Us, shee'ah, have many bid'ah.

    One of the main objectives of this blog is to remove the bid'ah that have crept into shee'ah islaam, as well as giving authentic information about shee'ah islaam from aUthentic ahadeeth

    ReplyDelete
  13. Aboo 'Abd AllaahDecember 27, 2010 at 9:00 AM

    @Wasil: I understand your reason for saying it under Taqiyyah, but is that really necessary considering that the Sunnees know our stance towards the caliphs and 'Aa'ishah? They know we don't agree to their khilaafate and they know that 'Aa'ishah fought against our Imaam (AS) in a battle, why would we have any form of respect for her? Also, that would most likely lose respect in Sunnee perspective because they would think you are trying to do taqiyyah and most Sunnees don't like the idea of lying or doing taqiyyah. You see what I'm saying?

    ReplyDelete
  14. Yes but from my experience sunnis hate taqyyah on paper but believe it or not they prefer it to hurting their feelings. Rasool allah did it and so did the imams and it is a good tool and it doesn't mean lying but respecting other people's feelings out of compassion and it prevents grudge. I believe it's worth it

    ReplyDelete
  15. Aboo 'Abd AllaahDecember 28, 2010 at 7:57 PM

    ^According to Ibn Taymiyyah in his Minhaaj al sunnah, Beirut, II, pg. 29-32, he says that the real munaafiqs are the rawaafiD for their use of taqiyyah because they "say with their tongues that which is not in their hearts."

    ReplyDelete
  16. Here is another one:

    مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ سِرْحَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص إِذَا رَأَيْتُمْ أَهْلَ الرَّيْبِ وَ الْبِدَعِ مِنْ بَعْدِي فَأَظْهِرُوا الْبَرَاءَةَ مِنْهُمْ وَ أَكْثِرُوا مِنْ سَبِّهِمْ وَ الْقَوْلَ فِيهِمْ وَ الْوَقِيعَةَ وَ بَاهِتُوهُمْ كَيْلَا يَطْمَعُوا فِي الْفَسَادِ فِي الْإِسْلَامِ وَ يَحْذَرَهُمُ النَّاسُ وَ لَا يَتَعَلَّمُوا مِنْ بِدَعِهِمْ يَكْتُبِ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ بِذَلِكَ الْحَسَنَاتِ وَ يَرْفَعْ لَكُمْ بِهِ الدَّرَجَاتِ فِي الْآخِرَةِ
    “The Messenger of Allah (SAWAS) has said, ‘When you after me find people of bid’ah and doubt/suspicion, do disassociation from them and increase your insults to them and accuse them of false things, and oppose them so they may not become greedy in bringing corruption in Islam. You must warn people against them and against learning their bid’ah (innovations). Allah will reward you for this and will raise you darajaat (positions) in the next life.’” (Source: Al-Kulaynee, Al-Kaafee, vol. 2, ch. 159 “Sitting/Associating with Sinful People”, pg. 375, hadeeth # 4 ; & Majlisi has graded this hadeeth Saheeh in Mir’aat Al-’Uqool, vol. 11, pg. 77)

    (Shia scholars) al-Ansari and al-Roohani commented on the Hadith (Above) of Imam Abu Abdullah: “The words “Bahitouhum Kay La Yatma’ou” in the Hadith mean accusing them of things and thinking that they have ill intentions which is Haram in the case of dealing with a believer, so one cannot say about the believer things like: “He might be a Kaffir or a Zani”… And it could be left to its apparent form thus it would permissible to LIE to them for a certain benefit.” Shia sources (Kitab al-Makasib by al-Ansari 2/118), (Minhaj al-Fuqahaa 2/228).

    See the word 'LIE'

    http://islamic-forum.net/index.php?showtopic=18237

    can you comment Zaveri?

    ReplyDelete
  17. Salaam!

    Thank You for this Hadith! My experience is that islam is the only innoative religion. When it comes to persons making innovations this Hadith is correct. They have been insulted and they receive as a peace offer knowledge but it would be better to have jihad against those who insulted. It is no useful for innovator to make peace by corruption (having as a peace gift some extra knowledge) for they have no benefit for they innovation but it will be stolen away. So they will be insulted twice after all. And even worse this second time. Salaam!

    ReplyDelete