Tuesday, August 7, 2012

The Prophet's Sunnah During the Last Ten Days of Ramadan

Here is a Muwaththaq (Reliable) ḥadīth of how the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) conducted himself during the last ten days of the month of Ramaḍān. Inshā’Allāh, we can implement this and revive this sunnah during the last ten days of the month of Ramaḍān.

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص إِذَا دَخَلَ الْعَشْرُ الْأَوَاخِرُ شَدَّ الْمِئْزَرَ وَ اجْتَنَبَ النِّسَاءَ وَ أَحْيَا اللَّيْلَ وَ تَفَرَّغَ لِلْعِبَادَةِ

From Abī Baṣīr said, Abū `Abd Allāh (عليه السلام) said, “When the last ten (days of the Month of Ramaḍān) entered, the Messenger of Allāh (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) would tighten his waistcloth (izār), he would avoid his wives, stay awake during the night and dedicate it to worship (ibādah)”[1]


[1] al-Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 4, pg. 155, ḥadīth # 3; al-Majlisī said this ḥadīth is Muwaththaq (Reliable). (See: al-Majlisī, Mir’āt al-`Uqūl, vol. 16, pg. 378)

Bibliography

al-Kulaynī. al-Kāfī. Ed. `Alī Akbar al-Ghaffārī. 3rd. 8 vols. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmiyyah, 1388.
al-Majlisī. Mir’āt Al-`Uqūl. 26 vols. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmiyyah, 1410.

3 comments:

  1. so how bout itikhaaf (staying in the masjid) ????

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  2. According to our hadīth. The minimum number of days to do i`tikāf is three days and the maximum is ten days. This is where the sunnah of i`tikāf for ten days comes from. If you go to your local Sunnī masājid, many of them hold ten day sessions.

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  3. Also, once you do 2 nights, the third night is farD. For example, if you do 2 nights, then the 3rd is farD. If you do 5 nights, then the 6th is farD. If you do 8 nights, then the 9th is farD. And finally, the 10th is the maximum number of days.

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