Tuesday, August 7, 2012

One Hundred Rakat Salat for Laylatul Qadr

Here is a Ṣaḥīḥ (Authentic) ḥadīth where Imām al-Kādhim (عليه السلام) tells us what we can do on the 21st and 23rd nights in the Month of Ramaḍān. According to our ḥadīth, the possibility of Laylat al-Qadr falling on those nights is the greatest.

The Imām (عليه السلام) says that we should read a 100 rak`ah prayer on each night of the 21st and the 23rd of the month of Ramaḍān. The prayer consists of two rak`ah, and you recite Sūrah al-Fātiḥah first and then recite Sūrah al-Ikhlās (Sūrah # 112) ten times, and do this in each rak`ah.

محمد بن يحيى‏ عن أحمد بن محمد عن الحسين بن سعيد عن الحسن عن سليمان الجعفري قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ ع صَلِّ لَيْلَةَ إِحْدَى وَ عِشْرِينَ وَ لَيْلَةَ ثَلَاثٍ وَ عِشْرِينَ مِائَةَ رَكْعَةٍ تَقْرَأُ فِي كُلِّ رَكْعَةٍ- قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ عَشْرَ مَرَّاتٍ

Muḥammad b. Yaḥya[1] from Aḥmad b. Muḥammad[2] from al-Ḥussayn b. Sa`īd[3] from al-Ḥasan[4] from Sulaymān al-Ja`farī[5] said, Abū al-Ḥasan (عليه السلام) said: “Pray on the twenty-first (21st) and the twenty-third (23rd) a one hundred rak`ah (salāh), and recite (after al-Fātiḥah) in every rak`ah – Sūrah al-Ikhlās (Sūrah # 112) ten times.”[6]
 


[1] Muḥammad b. Yaḥya is thiqah (trustworthy) according to according to al-Najāshī (See: al-Najāshī, al-Rijāl, pg. 353, person # 946) and al-Ḥillī (See: al-Ḥillī’s al-Khulāṣah, pg. 157, person # 110).
[2] Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. `Īsa is thiqah (trustworthy) according to al-Najāshī (See: al-Najāshī, al-Rijāl, pg. 81-83, person # 198), al-Ṭūsī (See: al-Ṭūsī, al-Fihrist, pg. 60-61, person # 75).
[3] al-Ḥussayn b. Sa`īd b. Hammād is thiqah (trustworthy) according to al-Ṭūsī (See: al-Ṭūsī, al-Fihrist, pg. 149-150, person # 230 & al-Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, pg. 355, person # 5257), and al-Ḥillī (See: al-Ḥillī’s al-Khulāṣah, pg. 39, person # 3).
[4] al-Ḥasan b. Sa`īd b. Hammād is thiqah (trustworthy) according to al-Ṭūsī (See: al-Ṭūsī, al-Fihrist, pg. 136, person # 197 & al-Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, pg. 354, person # 5243), and al-Ḥillī (See: al-Ḥillī’s al-Khulāṣah, pg. 39, person # 3).
[5] Sulaymān b. Ja`far al-Ja`farī is thiqah (trustworthy) according to al-Najāshī (See: al-Najāshī, al-Rijāl, pg. 182-183, person # 483) al-Ṭūsī (See: al-Ṭūsī, al-Fihrist, pg. 222, person # 328 & al-Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, pg. 338, person # 5027), and al-Ḥillī (See: al-Ḥillī’s al-Khulāṣah, pg. 77-78, person # 3).
[6] al-Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 4, pg. 155, ḥadīth # 4; al-Majlisī said this ḥadīth is Ṣaḥīḥ `alal Dhāhir (Apparently Authentic). (See: al-Majlisī, Mir’āt al-`Uqūl, vol. 16, pg. 379). The only question al-Majlisī had is with some of the naskh (manuscripts) it said “From al-Ḥasan b. Sulaymān” instead of “From al-Ḥasan from Sulymān”. I have looked the naskh that al-Ṣadūq has put in his Man Lā Yaḥḍuruh al-Faqīh, and Fayḍ al-Kashānī has put in his al-Wāfī, and the correct naskh (manuscript) is “From al-Ḥasan from Sulaymān”. Thus making this ḥadīth Ṣaḥīḥ (Authentic).

Bibliography

al-Ḥillī. al-Khulāṣah al-`Aqwāl. 1st ed. 1 vols. Qum: , Dār al-Dukhā’ir, 1411.
al-Kulaynī. al-Kāfī. Ed. `Alī Akbar al-Ghaffārī. 3rd. 8 vols. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmiyyah, 1388.
al-Majlisī. Mir’āt Al-`Uqūl. 26 vols. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmiyyah, 1410.
al-Najāshī. Rijāl. Ed. Musa al-Shabiri al-Zanjani. 5. 1 vols. Qum: Mu’assasah al-Nashr al-Islāmī, 1416.
al-Ṭūsī. al-Fihrist. Najaf: al-Maktabah al-Raḍawiyyah, n.d.
—. al-Rijāl. 1st. Qum: Mu’assasah al-Nashr al-Islāmī, 1415.

6 comments:

  1. JazakAllah for this. I have always been told to pray normal qadha prayers instead, 6 days work?

    ReplyDelete
  2. Salam bro Nader,

    Are there any other sahih/hasan/muwaththaq ahadith related to the `ibadah on the Laylatul Qadr?

    ReplyDelete
  3. Jazakallah brother.

    ReplyDelete
  4. If you have qadha prayers, then it makes no sense to do recommended prayers until all of the qadha and debts have been repaid. Get the qadha done before the layaal (21st and 23rd) and you can read these without worry.

    ReplyDelete
  5. Do you do 50 two rakat prayets

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I have the same question.
      Sir if you don't mind please try to answer this question as soon as possible. Thank you.

      Delete