Wednesday, August 1, 2012

Raising Hands Above Head After Salat

Here is a Ṣaḥīḥ (Authentic) ḥadīth that the great companion Ṣafwān b. Mihrān al-Jammāl saw Imām al-Ṣādiq (عليه السلام) after his prayer raised his hands together above his head.

I have already posted some supplications that are authentic to read after your obligatory salāh (click here). I have also already posted Ṣaḥīḥ (Authentic) ḥadīth that says when you do du`ā’. you raise your hands (click here).

الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ سَعِيد عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ الْجَمَّالِ قَالَ رَأَيْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع إِذَا صَلَّى فَفَرَغَ مِنْ صَلَاتِهِ رَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ جَمِيعاً فَوْقَ رَأْسِهِ

(al-Ṭūsī’s chain of narrators to
[1]) al-Ḥussayn b. Sa`īd[2] from Ibn Abī Najrān[3] from Ṣafwān b. Mihrān al-Jammāl[4] said, “I saw Abā `Abd Allāh (عليه السلام) when he finished from his salāh he raised his hands together above his head”[5] 

[1] al-Khoei says that the tarīq (path) from al-Ṭūsī to al-Ḥussayn b. Sa`īd al-Ahwāzī is Ṣaḥīḥ (Authentic) (See: al-Khoei, Mu`jam Rijāl al-Hadīth, vol. 6, pg. 265-291)
[2] al-Ḥussayn b. Sa`īd b. Hammād is thiqah (trustworthy) according to al-Ṭūsī (See: al-Ṭūsī, al-Fihrist, pg. 149-150, person # 230 & al-Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, pg. 355, person # 5257), and al-Ḥillī (See: al-Ḥillī’s al-Khulāṣah, pg. 39, person # 3).
[3] `Abd al-Raḥmān b. Abī Najrān is thiqah (trustworthy) according to al-Najāshī (See: al-Najāshī, al-Rijāl, pg. 235-236, person # 622) and al-Ḥillī (See: al-Ḥillī’s al-Khulāṣah, pg. 114, person # 7).
[4] Ṣafwān b. Mihrān b. al-Mughīrah al-Jammāl is thiqah (trustworthy) according to al-Najāshī (See: al-Najāshī, al-Rijāl, pg. 198, person # 525) and al-Ḥillī (See: al-Ḥillī’s al-Khulāṣah, pg. 89, person # 2).
[5] Al-Ṭūsī, Tahdīb al-Aḥkām, vol. 2, pg. 106, ḥadīth # 171; al-Majlisī said this ḥadīth is Ṣaḥīḥ (Authentic) (See: al-Majlisī, Milādh al-Akhyār, vol. 3, pg. 613)


al-Ḥillī. al-Khulāṣah al-`Aqwāl. 1st ed. 1 vols. Qum: , Dār al-Dukhā’ir, 1411.
al-Khoei. Mu`jam Rijāl al-Hadīth. 5th. 24 vols. 1413.
al-Majlisī. Milādh al-Akhyār. 1st. 16 vols. Qum: Maktabah Ayatollah al-Mar`ashī al-Najafī, 1406.
al-Najāshī. Rijāl. Ed. Musa al-Shabiri al-Zanjani. 5. 1 vols. Qum: Mu’assasah al-Nashr al-Islāmī, 1416.
al-Ṭūsī. al-Fihrist. Najaf: al-Maktabah al-Raḍawiyyah, n.d.
—. al-Rijāl. 1st. Qum: Mu’assasah al-Nashr al-Islāmī, 1415.
—. Tahdhīb al-Aḥkām. 4th. 10 vols. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmiyyah, 1407.


  1. AsSalamu Aleikum

    What does raising hands above his head after salah mean and how would it look like? What did he (as) say when raising his hands above his head? May that act be an implication for the takbiraat after salah?

    Wa Salam

  2. Wa `Alaykum Assalaam,

    I have already posted some aHaadeeth on the ta`qeeb after Salah, I gave the link in the post.

    After you do tasleem, you would raise your hands together above your hand, not like the takbeeraat that is done like everyone else.

    The takbeeraat that is done by everyone (i.e. the hands going up and down three times) is not found in hadeeth.

    Wa `Alaykum Assalaam

  3. Salaam alaykum

    So due to it (Takbeeraat) not being in our books of Hadith, we should avoid this practice altogether, correct?

  4. Nader Brother,

    what you said concerning the three takbirat raising the hands with them.
    It is very well found in one Hadith.
    In Al-Ilal from Sheikh Saduq or Wasail al Shia from Sheikh Hurr al Amili...
    You provided the Hadith yourself in your previous post about "three takbir".

    As far as I can understand, it says doing takbir thrice and raising the hands with it.
    So its not clear if the hand is raised once and takbir is said thrice, or if the hands are raised with every takbir. Or is it brother?


  5. That hadeeth is da`eef jiddan (very weak) brother. It has mufaDDal bin `umar and muhammad bin sinaan plus many majaaheel in addition to the da`eef/ghulluw I just named. You are speaking about this hadeeth:

    And in al-`Ilal from `Ali b. Ahmad b. Muhammad from Hamza b. al-Qasim al-`Alawi from Ja`far b. Muhammad b. Malik from Muhammad b. al-Husayn b. Zayd the oil seller from Muhammad b. Sinan from al-Mufaddal b. `Umar. He said: I said to Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام: For which reason does the person doing salat do takbir thrice after the taslim, raising his hands with it? So he said: (It is) because when the Prophet صلّى الله عليه وآله conquered Makka, he prayed the zhuhr with his companions at the Black Stone, and when he had done taslim he raised his hands and did takbir thrice. And he said: “There is no god but Allah, He alone, He alone. His fulfilled His promise, and helped His servant, and supported His army, and defeated the confederates He alone. So for Him is the kingdom and for Him is the praise. He gives life and He makes die, (and He makes die and He gives life, – in al-`Ilal) and He is powerful over everything.” Then he turned to him companions, and he said: Do not leave this takbir and this saying at the end of every written salat, for verily whoever does that after the taslim and says this saying has fulfilled what was obligatory upon him of thanks to Allah ta`ala upon (i.e. for) the strengthening of Islam and its army.

  6. If you look to the books it says very explicitly. "raise your hands above your heads, say takbeer thrice, then say a du'a". The Arabic is explicit, it never has this karate chop motion of three times. There is no Hadith that says that authentic or weak.

    This is why you have major scholars such as Makārim al-Shirāzī who does not do this practice.