Wednesday, August 15, 2012

Eat Something Before Salat on Eid Fitr


Unfortunately, the month of Ramaḍān is coming to an end, since it is coming to an end, there are some things related to `Eid al-Fiṭr that I would like to present for us to get a better understanding of how the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and our A’immah (عليهم السلام) conducted themselves during this auspicious day.

Here is some authentic ḥadīth from the A’immah (عليهم السلام), telling us to eat some food before going to our `Eid prayers. Eating something before the `Eid prayers of al-Fiṭr is sunnah[1].

عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ اطْعَمْ يَوْمَ الْفِطْرِ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَخْرُجَ إِلَى الْمُصَلَّى
From Halabī from Abī `Abd Allāh (عليه السلام) said, "Eat on the day of al-Fiṭr before you leave to the place of prayer."[2]


وَ رَوَى حَرِيزٌ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ لَا تَخْرُجْ يَوْمَ الْفِطْرِ حَتَّى تَطْعَمَ شَيْئاً
And it is narrated (from) Harīz from Zurārah from Abī Ja`far (عليه السلام) said, "Do not leave on the day of al-Fiṭr until you have eating something."[3]


وَ عَنْهُ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ الْأَكْلُ قَبْلَ الْخُرُوجِ يَوْمَ الْعِيدِ وَ إِنْ لَمْ تَأْكُلْ فَلَا بَأْسَ
From Samā`ah from Abī `Abd Allāh (عليه السلام) said, “Eat before leaving on the day of `Eid (al-Fiṭr), and if you do not eat, there is no problem.”[4] 


[1] There is an authentic ḥadīth from Imām al-Bāqir (عليه السلام) that Imām `Alī (عليه السلام) after saying that one should eat on the day of al-Fiṭr (before the Prayer), he (عليه السلام) said, “That is what we do”. (See: al-Ṣadūq, Man Lā Yaḥḍuruh al-Faqīh, vol. 1, pg. 508, ḥadīth # 1465)
[2] al-Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 4, pg. 168, ḥadīth # 1; al-Majlisī said this ḥadīth is Ḥasan (Good) (See: al-Majlisī, Mir’āt al-`Uqūl, vol. 16, pg. 408)
[3] al-Ṣadūq, Man Lā Yaḥḍuruh al-Faqīh, vol. 1, pg. 508, ḥadīth # 1465; al-Majlisī I (al-Majlisī’s father) said this ḥadīth is Ṣaḥīḥ (Authentic) (See: al-Majlisī I, Rawdah al-Muttaqīn, vol. 2, pg. 743)
[4] al-Ṭūsī, Tahdhīb al-Aḥkām, vol. 3, ch. 6 (Salāh al-`Īdayn), pg. 137, ḥadīth # 35; al-Majlisī said this ḥadīth is Muwaththaq (Reliable) (See: al-Majlisī, Milādh al-Akhyār, vol. 5, pg. 189)

Bibliography

al-Kulaynī. al-Kāfī. Ed. `Alī Akbar al-Ghaffārī. 3rd. 8 vols. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmiyyah, 1388.
al-Majlisī. Milādh al-Akhyār. 1st. 16 vols. Qum: Maktabah Ayatollah al-Mar`ashī al-Najafī, 1406.
—. Mir’āt Al-`Uqūl. 26 vols. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmiyyah, 1410.
al-Majlisī-I. Rawdah al-Muttaqīn fī Sharḥ Man Lā Yaḥḍuruh al-Faqīh. Ed. Ḥussayn al-Musawi al-Kirmānī. 2nd ed. 13 vols. Qum: Mu’assasah al-Thuqāfiyyah al-Islāmiyyah, 1406.
al-Ṣadūq. Man Lā Yaḥḍuruh al-Faqīh. 3rd. 4 vols. Qum: Mu'assasah al-Nashr al-Islāmi, 1413.
al-Ṭūsī. Tahdhīb al-Aḥkām. 4th. 10 vols. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmiyyah, 1407.

4 comments:

  1. al-Majlisī-I. Rawdah al-Muttaqīn fī Sharḥ Man Lā Yaḥḍuruh al-Faqīh. Ed. Ḥussayn al-Musawi al-Kirmānī. 2nd ed. 13 vols. Qum: Mu’assasah al-Thuqāfiyyah al-Islāmiyyah, 1406

    did this above sharah is available online?

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  2. Assalāmu `Alaykum,

    Yes, this is found online. I believe the online version is the same version I use. Al-Majlisī I did do another commentary on Man Lā YaHDuruh al-Faqīh in Farsi called Lawāmi` al-Sāhibqarānī. I sometimes use that as well when breaking down narrations in al-Sadūq's al-Faqīh. Although my Farsi is not the best, I mainly resort to Rawdah al-Mutaqīn.

    ReplyDelete
  3. WS/

    Thanks Brother, I got it.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Brother Fiqehi,

    One thing I will say is, the gradings of hadeeth by al-Majlisi I in his Rawdah al-Mutaqeen or Lawaami`, do not hold any weight. He is a known akhbaari, so to him all the hadeeth in al-Faqeeh are authentic to some degree.

    I have only chosen to use his gradings, after I have fully investigated the isnaad myself. I have only put this narration in, so there is a scholar who says the said hadeeth is authentic, and not me.

    Wa `Alaykum Assalaam

    ReplyDelete