Thursday, June 2, 2011

Crying and Dua in Salat

Here is a blog post by IslamicSalvation, which can be found here:

باب البكاء و الدعاء في الصلاة
Chapter on the crying and Du’a in the Prayer

محمد بن يحيى، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن عثمان بن عيسى، عن سماعة قال: قال أبوعبدالله (عليه السلام): ينبغي لمن يقرأ القرآن إذا مر بآية من القرآن فيها مسألة أو تخويف أن يسأل الله عند ذلك خير ما يرجو ويسأله العافية من النار ومن العذاب (موثق)

1. Muhammad bin Yahya from Ahmad bin Muhammad from Uthman bin Isa from Sam’ah (bin Mihran) who said : Abu Abdillah (a.s) said : it is incumbent upon the one who recites the Qur’an (i.e during the prayer) and comes across an Ayah (while doing so) in which there is a matter (of weight) or fear - that he askes Allah (s.w.t) at this juncture the best of what he hopes (for himself) and health (security) from the fire and the punishment.
(Muwathaq due to Uthman bin Isa and Sam’ah bin Mihran

NOTE : This is how we should react to verses that have Takhwif in them, by which Allah (s.w.t) makes us fear him and be on our guard.

علي بن إبراهيم، عن أبيه، عن ابن أبي عمير، عن حماد، عن الحلبي، عن أبي عبدالله (عليه السلام) قال: سألته عن الرجل يكون مع الامام فيمر بالمسألة أو بآية فيها ذكر جنة أو نار قال: لا بأس بأن يسأل عند ذلك ويتعوذ [في الصلاة] من النار ويسأل الله الجنة (حسن)

2. Ali bin Ibrahim from his father (Ibrahim bin Hashim) from Ibn Abi Umayr from Hammad (bin Uthman) from al-Halabiy from Abi Abdillah (a.s), he (al-Halabiy) said : I asked Him (a.s) about the man who is with the imam (in prayer) and he (the imam) passes through (in his recitation) a matter (of weight) or an Ayah in it there is reference to paradise and the hell fire, He (a.s) said : there is no impediment for him if he asks (makes Du’a) when that happens and seeks refuge (in the prayer) from the Hell fire and asks Allah (s.w.t) for the paradise. (Hasan due to Ibrahim bin Hashim)    

محمد بن يحيى، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن ابن فضال، عن ابن بكير، عن عبيد بن زرارة قال: سألت أبا عبدالله (عليه السلام) عن ذكر السورة من الكتاب يدعو بها في الصلاة مثل قل هو الله أحد فقال: إذا كنت تدعو بها فلا بأس
 (موثق كالصحيح)

3. Muhammad bin Yahya from Ahmad bin Muhammad from Ibn Fadhal from Ibn Bukayr from Ubayd bin Zurara who said : I asked Aba Abdillah (a.s) about using a Surah from the Kitab (Qur’an) to make a Du’a from it in the prayers, like ‘Qul Huwa Allah Ahad’, so He (a.s) said : if you are making a Du’a with it then no problem.
(Muwathaq Ka Sahih due to Ibn Fadhal and Ibn Bukayr)

NOTE : This narration allows us to recite the Quran in prayer apart from the Fatiha and the other Surah, for example in the Qunut - but only as a means for Du’a, Saying for example ‘O Allah forgive me for the sake of ‘Qul Huwa Allah’ or saying ‘By Allah the Ahad (unqiue) the Samad (self subsisting)’.

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