Thursday, January 12, 2012

Suicide in Shia Islam

Here are two aī (Authentic) adīth about the punishment for those who do intentionally kill themselves (i.e. suicide). The adīth start with the same chain of narrators, but as they get closer to the respective compiler they branch off in different chains which is why I mentioned two chains.

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ أَبِي وَلَّادٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع يَقُولُ مَنْ قَتَلَ نَفْسَهُ مُتَعَمِّداً فَهُوَ فِي نَارِ جَهَنَّمَ خَالِداً

From Abī Walād said, I heard Abā `Abd Allāh (عليه السلام) say: “Whoever kills himself, intentionally, he is in the fire of hell (jahannam), eternally!”
1.     Al-Kulaynī, Al-Kāfī, ed. `Alī Akbar al-Ghaffārī, 8 vols., (Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmiyyah, 3rd Edition, 1388 AH), vol. 7, pg. 45, hadeeth # 1
1.     Al-Majlisī said this hadeeth is Ṣaḥīḥ (Authentic)
à Mir’āt Al-`Uqūl, 26 vols., (Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmiyyah, 1410 AH), vol. 23, pg. 76

حدثني محمد بن موسى بن المتوكل قال حدثني عبد الله بن جعفر الحميري عن أحمد بن محمد عن الحسن بن محبوب عن أبي ولاد الحناط قال سمعت أبا عبد الله ع يقول من قتل نفسه متعمدا فهو في نار جهنم خالدا فيها

From Abī Walād al-Hanāt said, I heard Abā `Abd Allāh say: “Whoever kills himself, intentionally, he is in the fire of hell (jahannam), eternally!”
1.     Al-Sadūq, Thawāb al-`Amāl wa `Iqāb al-`Amāl, (Qum: al-Manshūrāt al-Sharīf al-Raḍī, 2nd ed., 1406), pg. 276, ḥadīth # 1


  1. So will those Muslims who bomb themselves in a war to go to hell?

  2. Assalaamu `Alaykum @Anonymous,

    Yes, according to our hadeeth ANYONE who kills himself goes to hell, forever. Not to mention, a lot of times those suicide bombers kill innocent men, women and children, so that makes it even worse.

    1. I would like to know if you have experienced the loss of sanity someone like a Bipolar experiences (a person with a mental disorder) to claim that ANYONE who kills himself goes to hell, forever.
      All praise is due to Allah (س) who has replaced my unstable mind through psychiatric medication before I killed myself but we need to have some compassion and understanding to a person who loses their sanity and I know more about what I'm talking than someone who has not experienced the uncontrollable poor judgment of a person with Bipolar Disorder due to an unstable brain.
      I find this issue in our religion to be the same as a person saying that a son of adultery must turn out to be evil or blaming a woman who gets raped to be an adulteress.
      Apart from what I've said, I am against suicide as long as I take my medications at the right time and I keep myself under control and in touch with my doctor and don't get me wrong I love this site and you share with the readers a decent amount of the knowledge of Ahlul-Bayt (ع) so please keep up the good work.
      I only made the reply because this is a sensitive matter for me and I dislike seeing someone go through what I go through and be treated with even worse than what he already had.
      I believe with firm faith that if Allah (س) is the most merciful and the most compassionate He would not punish the insane and excuse me but a Bipolar person is insane when no one is taking care of him.

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