Friday, July 16, 2010

Three Takbeers to end your Salaah = bid`ah

Click Here to download this article in a PDF format.
السلام عليكم

My whole life, I thought that when you end your salaah, you MUST do “three takbeers”. Later, I found out that it is just a “mustaHab” act to end your salaah. What we are going to do is examine this practice of “three takbeers to end your salaah”.

 Is this an act of finishing your salaah or part of something else? Is there ANY SaHeeH hadeeth that alludes to this? And what actions are we suppose to do when we end our salaah?

Here is the section that alludes to this practice. (taken from my personal copy of Wasaa’il Al-Shee`ah)
Wasaa’il Al-Shee`ah, vol. 4, pg. 1030 – 1031, hadeeth # 8419 & 8420
14- بَابُ اسْتِحْبَابِ رَفْعِ الْيَدَيْنِ فَوْقَ الرَّأْسِ عِنْدَ الْفَرَاغِ مِنَ الصَّلَاةِ وَ التَّكْبِيرِ ثَلَاثاً وَ الدُّعَاءِ بِالْمَأْثُورِ 
14 – Chapter on the desirability of raising the hands over the head at the finishing of the salaah, and takbeer thrice, and du`aa by what has been handed down.
 مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بِإِسْنَادِهِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ الْجَمَّالِ قَالَ رَأَيْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع إِذَا صَلَّى وَ فَرَغَ مِنْ صَلَاتِهِ يَرْفَعُ يَدَيْهِ فَوْقَ رَأْسِهِ
وَ رَوَاهُ الشَّيْخُ بِإِسْنَادِهِ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ مِثْلَهُ 
1 – Muhammad b. `Ali b. al-Husayn by his isnad from Safwan b. Mihran the camel driver.  He said: I saw Aboo `Abdillaah عليه السلام when he prayed and ended his salaah (that he would) raise his hands above his head.
And the Shaykh narrated it by his isnaad from al-Husayn b. Sa`eed from Ibn Abee Najran from Safwaan likewise.

Source:

1.       Al-Sadooq, Man Laa YaHDuruh Al-Faqeeh, vol. 1, pg. 325, hadeeth # 952
2.      Al-Toosi, Tahdheeb Al-aHkaam, vol. 2, pg. 106, hadeeth # 171
3.      Al-`Aamilee, Wasaa’il Al-Shee`ah, vol. 6, pg. 452, hadeeth # 8419
Grading:
1.       Al-Majlisi said this hadeeth is SaHeeH
à Milaadh Al-Akhyaar, vol. 3, pg. 613
2.      Al-Majlisi I (Majlisi’s Father) said this hadeeth is SaHeeH
à RawDah Al-Muttaqoon, vol. 2, pg. 369

وَ فِي الْعِلَلِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ حَمْزَةَ بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ الْعَلَوِيِّ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ زَيْدٍ الزَّيَّاتِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنِ الْمُفَضَّلِ بْنِ عُمَرَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع لِأَيِّ عِلَّةٍ يُكَبِّرُ الْمُصَلِّي بَعْدَ التَّسْلِيمِ ثَلَاثاً يَرْفَعُ بِهَا يَدَيْهِ فَقَالَ لِأَنَّ النَّبِيَّ ص لَمَّا فَتَحَ مَكَّةَ- صَلَّى بِأَصْحَابِهِ الظُّهْرَ عِنْدَ الْحَجَرِ الْأَسْوَدِ- فَلَمَّا سَلَّمَ رَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ وَ كَبَّرَ ثَلَاثاً وَ قَالَ- لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ وَحْدَهُ أَنْجَزَ وَعْدَهُ وَ نَصَرَ عَبْدَهُ وَ أَعَزَّ جُنْدَهُ وَ غَلَبَ الْأَحْزَابَ وَحْدَهُ فَلَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَ لَهُ الْحَمْدُ يُحْيِي وَ يُمِيتُ وَ هُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ قَدِيرٌ- ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ عَلَى أَصْحَابِهِ فَقَالَ لَا تَدَعُوا هَذَا التَّكْبِيرَ وَ هَذَا الْقَوْلَ فِي دُبُرِ كُلِّ صَلَاةٍ مَكْتُوبَةٍ فَإِنَّ مَنْ فَعَلَ ذَلِكَ بَعْدَ التَّسْلِيمِ وَ قَالَ هَذَا الْقَوْلَ كَانَ قَدْ أَدَّى مَا يَجِبُ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ شُكْرِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى عَلَى تَقْوِيَةِ الْإِسْلَامِ وَ جُنْدِهِ
2 – And in al-`Ilal from `Ali b. Ahmad b. Muhammad from Hamza b. al-Qasim al-`Alawi from Ja`far b. Muhammad b. Malik from Muhammad b. al-Husayn b. Zayd the oil seller from Muhammad b. Sinan from al-Mufaddal b. `Umar.  He said: I said to Aboo `Abdillaah عليه السلام: For which reason does the person doing salaah do takbeer thrice after the tasleem, raising his hands with it? So he said: (It is) because when the Prophet صلّى الله عليه وآله conquered Makka, he prayed the dhuhr with his companions at the Black Stone, and when he had done tasleem he raised his hands and did takbeer thrice.  And he said:  “There is no god but Allah, He alone, He alone.  His fulfilled His promise, and helped His servant, and supported His army, and defeated the confederates He alone.  So for Him is the kingdom and for Him is the praise.  He gives life and He makes die, (and He makes die and He gives life, – in al-`Ilal) and He is powerful over everything.”  Then he turned to him companions, and he said: Do not leave this takbeer and this saying at the end of every written salaah, for verily whoever does that after the tasleem and says this saying has fulfilled what was obligatory upon him of thanks to Allah ta`ala upon (i.e. for) the strengthening of Islam and its army.

Source:
 
  1. Al-Sadooq, `Ilal Al-Sharaa’i`, vol. 2, ch. 78, pg. 360, hadeeth # 1
  2. Al-`Aamilee, Wasaa’il Al-Shee`ah, vol. 6, pg. 452 – 453, hadeeth # 8420
  3. Al-Kashaanee, Al-Waafee, vol. 8, pg. 791
  4. Muhaddith Al-Noori, Mustadarak Al-Wasaa’il, vol. 5, ch. 12, pg. 52, hadeeth # 5342

As you can see only 1 of the 2 aHaadeeth that are presented as the “source” for doing three takbeers after salaah is actually talking about doing three takbeers. The first Haadeeth, which is SaHeeH, doesn’t talk about doing three takbeers at all, but it is talking about raising your hands (most likely your hands together with the palms facing towards the ceiling) above your head (fawqa ra’s).

Now, we move on to the second hadeeth that discusses the three takbeers. First, we will break down the isnaad provided, and then we will break down the actual hadeeth to see what it is really saying.

The isnaad provided has 4 weak points (in red), and here are the “weak links” in the chain.

عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ is Majhool (Unknown) according to:
  1. Al-Khoei, Mu`jam Rijaal Al-Hadeeth, vol. 11, pg. 252, person # 7897

جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ is Da`eef Jiddan (Very Weak) according to:
  1. Al-Najaashee, Rijaal, pg. 122, person # 313
  2. Ibn Al-GhaDaa’iree, Kitaab Al-Du`afaa, pg. 48
  3. Al-Toosi, Rijaal, pg. 418, person # 6037 (Toosi said he is thiqah, but the people of Qum said he is weak)    
  4. Al-Hillee, Al-KhulaaSah, pg. 210, person # 3 (Hillee said you should NOT act upon his narrations)

مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ is Da`eef (Weak) according to:
  1.  Al-Toosi, Fihrist, pg. 407, person # 620
  2.  Al-Toosi, Rijaal, pg. 364, person # 5394
  3.  Al-Najaashee, Rijaal, pg. 328, person # 888
  4.  Al-GhaDaa’iree, pg. 92, person # 130

الْمُفَضَّلِ بْنِ عُمَرَ is Da`eef (Weak) according to:
  1. Ibn GhaDaa’iree, Kitaab Al-Du`afaa, pg. 88, person # 117
  2. Al-Najaashee, Rijaal, pg. 416, person # 1112
  3. Al-Hillee, Al-KhulaaSah, pg. 258, person # 1

Based off of this isnaad, this hadeeth can be graded as Da`eef Jiddan (Very Weak). Usually in fiqhi matters, that is when the isnaad of aHaadeeth are looked at VERY closely.

Some people might argue that this is a mustaHab (recommended) act, so no need to go through this strenuous process of looking at the isnaad (chain of narrators). That’s okay, let’s look at the matn (content) of the hadeeth, and see what is the hadeeth saying.

Even if you want to follow that hadeeth, the three takbeers are done as a ta`qeeb (acts done AFTER salaah is done). If you notice the scanned image of Wasaa’il, on the top of the second image provided, it says that it is in the section of Ta`qeeb, which are things done after salaah, such as tasbeeH, du`aa, etc.

If you read the hadeeth carefully, this is how the procedure is supposed to be.
  1. Finish your salaah with a ONE tasleem (or two depending on if it is a jamaa`ah or a furada (individual))è  This will be discussed a little later
  2.  After your salaah is done, raise your hand above your head (fawqa al-ra's)è  This is based off of the previous narration which says to put your hands above your head
  3. THEN, you recite three takbeers
  4. After that, you recite the du`aa mentioned in the hadeeth
Here is what Al-Toosi has said concerning the 3 takbeers, this is found in the section of Ta`qeeb (things done AFTER salaah)

فإذا انصرف من صلاته يستحبّ له أن يقول قبل قيامه من مصلّاه: «اللّه أكبر» ثلاث مرّات يرفع بها يديه إلى شحمتي أذنيه،
"One is recommended to say before standing up to leave the place of prayer. Raise his hands up to the earlobes and say 'Allaahu Akbar' three times…"
Source:
·         Al-Toosi, Al-Nihaayah fee Mujarrad Al-Fiqh wa Al-Fataawa, pg. 84

 As you can see, this action (three takbeers) in NO WAY ends your salaah, thinking that this action is INDEED ending your salaah is a bid`ah. Also, you can see that this hadeeth provided does not talk about the “up and down” motion of your hands three times, as you see some of our shee`ahs do.

Now, the question arises, if this (three takbeers) doesn’t end your salaah, then what action(s) end your salaah?

Here are narrations that show that the ENDING of your salaah is the tasleem.
الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع يَقُولُ فِي رَجُلٍ صَلَّى الصُّبْحَ فَلَمَّا جَلَسَ فِي الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَتَشَهَّدَ رَعَفَ قَالَ فَلْيَخْرُجْ فَلْيَغْسِلْ أَنْفَهُ ثُمَّ لْيَرْجِعْ فَلْيُتِمَّ صَلَاتَهُ فَإِنَّ آخِرَ الصَّلَاةِ التَّسْلِيمُ
He said: I heard Aboo `Abdillaah (as) saying regarding a man who prayed as-subh (fajr), and when he sat in the two rak`at before he did tashahhud he had a nosebleed.  He said: So he is to leave and wash his nose, then he is to return and complete his salaah, for the end of salaah is the tasleem.
Source:
  1. Al-Toosi, Tahdheeb Al-aHkaam, vol. 2, ch. 15, pg. 320, hadeeth # 163

Grading:
  1. Al-Majlisi said this hadeeth is Muwaththaq (Reliable)
   à Milaadh Al-Akhyaar, vol. 4, pg. 481

    مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ بْنِ أَيُّوبَ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ قَالَ لِي أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع‏ كُلُّ مَا ذَكَرْتَ اللَّهَ بِهِ وَ النَّبِيَّ ص فَهُوَ مِنَ الصَّلَاةِ وَ إِنْ قُلْتَ- السَّلَامُ عَلَيْنَا وَ عَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ فَقَدِ انْصَرَفْتَ
    He said: Aboo `Abdillaah (as) said to me: Whenever you mention (or, remember) Allah by it and the Prophet (pbuh), then it is from salaah.  And if you say “as-salam `alayna wa `ala `ibadillahi s-saliheen” then you have departed (i.e. you’ve completed your salaah).
    Source:
    1.  Al-Kulayni, Al-Kaafi, vol. 3, pg. 337-338, hadeeth # 6

    Grading: 
    1. Al-Majlisi said this hadeeth is SaHeeH
       à Mir’aat Al-`Uqool, vol. 15, pg. 162

      Another question that arises is, what type of action / motion should we do our tasleem in?
      If you are the leader of the prayer or if you are praying alone then you do tasleem ONCE. And if you are follower (ma’moon) in the jamaa`ah, then you do tasleem TWICE. Here are the aHaadeeth that talk about this.
       وَ بِهَذَا الْإِسْنَادِ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع إِذَا كُنْتَ فِي صَفٍّ فَسَلِّمْ تَسْلِيمَةً عَنْ يَمِينِكَ وَ تَسْلِيمَةً عَنْ يَسَارِكَ لِأَنَّ عَنْ يَسَارِكَ مَنْ يُسَلِّمُ عَلَيْكَ وَ إِذَا كُنْتَ إِمَاماً فَسَلِّمْ تَسْلِيمَةً وَ أَنْتَ مُسْتَقْبِلُ الْقِبْلَةِ
       He said: Aboo `Abdillaah (as) said: If you are in a row, then do a tasleem from to your right and a tasleem to your left, for to your left is someone who is doing tasleem upon you.  And if you are an imam, then do a tasleem while you are facing qibla.
      Source:
      1. Al-Kulayni, Al-Kaafi, vol. 3, pg. 338, hadeeth # 7

      Grading:
      1. Al-Majlisi said this hadeeth is SaHeeH
         à Mir’aat Al-`Uqool, vol. 15, pg. 163

        From this hadeeth, you can see that you do two tasleems if you are in a row and one if you are an Imaam or reading alone. Now, when you do your tasleem, DO NOT move your head SO MUCH to the right and to the left as if you are looking over your shoulder, but you slightly move it to the right and to the left. (NOTE: You are always doing tasleem to the right unless you are the leader of the prayer then you do tasleem forward)

        One FINAL question arises, what should you do if you are in jamaa`ah, and you are at the VERY left end of the row, and NO ONE is to the left of you, just people to the right. The answer can be found from this hadeeth.

         وَ عَنْهُ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ مَنْصُورٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع الْإِمَامُ يُسَلِّمُ وَاحِدَةً وَ مَنْ وَرَاءَهُ يُسَلِّمُ اثْنَتَيْنِ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ عَنْ شِمَالِهِ أَحَدٌ سَلَّمَ وَاحِدَةً
        He said:  Aboo `Abdillaah (as) said: The imam does tasleem once and whoso is behind him does tasleem twice.  So if there is there no one to his left, he does tasleem once.
        Source:
        1. Al-Toosi, Tahdheeb Al-aHkaam, vol. 2, ch. 8, pg. 93, hadeeth # 114
        2. Al-Toosi, Al-IstibSaar, vol. 1, ch. 199, pg. 346, hadeeth # 2

        Grading:
        1. Al-Majlisi said this hadeeth is SaHeeH
           à Milaadh Al-Akhyaar, vol. 3, pg. 573

          From this hadeeth, the final question is answered, if there is NO ONE to the left of you in a row (i.e. you are at the left end of a row), then you will only do ONE tasleem (to your right).

          In conclusion, thinking that the “three takbeers” end your salaah, you are introducing a bid`ah, because the “three takbeers” do not in ANY way end your salaah, because your salaah is complete / ended when you do tasleem (either once or twice depending on which type of salaah you are doing and where you are in the jamaa`ah).

          السلام عليكم

          17 comments:

          1. Jazaku Allah for the analysis, I agree that everyone should be aware that the three takbirs are after the salat and in no way part of it. But if all the maraja' are in agreement that all three are always mustahab aren't we supposed to follow them in that? Maybe there are other hadiths regarding this issue?

            salaam

            ReplyDelete
          2. There is not other hadeeth regarding this issue, and the normal way that people do the three takbeers which is "the up and down motion of the hand saying takbeer", that is totally wrong from what the Hadeeth is actually saying. We listen to Allaah (SWT), the Prophet (SAWAS), and the Ahl Al-Bayt (AS), not the marja'.

            Plus on fiqhi issues, that is when our scholars become strict and use isnaad study, and this isnaad is HIGHLY da`eef (weak).

            ReplyDelete
          3. But isnt it a Bidah ul Hasanah

            ReplyDelete
          4. No such thing as bid'ah ul Hasanah brother. "Every bid'ah is misguidance and every misguidance is in the fire."

            ReplyDelete
          5. Jazakallah,
            Thank you so much for this excellent post!!

            ReplyDelete
          6. salam 'alaikum
            i also think you are doing very good work, and your intentions are pure.
            but i still have trouble understanding how to turn my head whilst ending the salah,if you take a few minutes to fill me in,i would be very grateful.
            is it-
            turn head right and say-As-salamu alayka ayuha nabio wa rahmatullahe wa barakatuh

            turn head left and say-As- salamu alayna wa ala e'badellahe saleheen. As salamu alaykum wa rahmatullahe wa barakatuh?
            jazakallah

            ReplyDelete
          7. Wa `Alaykum Assalaam, when it says tasleem, It seems like it is talking about saying "assalaamu `alaykum wa raHmatullaahi wa barakaatuh", slightly to the right ONLY, if you are alone. And if you are in jamaa`ah you do it slightly to the right and to the left if you are between two people.

            ReplyDelete
          8. Salamu Alaikom,

            Firstly, great article, thank you.

            Secondly, with regard to taslim, normally we do three. In the first one, we send salam to the prophet, in the second one, we send salam to the righteous servants, and in the third one, we send salam to all.

            Which one of these 3 is mandatory?
            Is it wrong to say all 3?
            Will it void the prayer, if we say all 3?
            Must we move our heads, slightly to right and left?

            The fact that we only need to say one taslim is quite new to me... unfortunately.
            So, it'll be hard to accept and get used to this idea.

            ReplyDelete
          9. Wa `Alaykum Assalaam,

            Well there is a difference of opinion regarding if the tasleems are mustaHab or if at least one of them is waajib. Some of the classical scholars such as Al-Toosi said that all the tasleems are mustaHab. The most commond viewpoint now is that one of them is waajib, which is "Assalaamu ‘alayna wa ‘ala ‘ibaadil lahiS Saaliheen".

            So all 3 isn't mandatory. Just one is.
            You are not wrong if you say all 3.
            It will not void your prayer if you say all 3.
            You can move your heads slightly to the right and left (if you are in jamaa`ah), but it isn't waajib.

            ReplyDelete
          10. Salam, I sent the part about turning the head right and left to a marja, and this is what he replied, what do you make of his response?
            Dear questioner:

            Answer:It doesn’t mean to turn the head from Qibla, but as explained by some scholars it means to point to left or right by turning the eyes.

            May God bless you with health and happiness

            Grand Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi Office / Estefta’aat Section

            Of course he says 'by some scholars' so it is not that every accepts this view.
            ws

            ReplyDelete
          11. What about this hadith? (from Mustadrak al Wasa'il) :
            وعن أحمد بن علي، عن محمد بن الحسن، عن محمد بن الحسن الصفار، عن يعقوب بن يزيد، عن حماد عن حريز، عن زرارة، عن أبي جعفر (عليه السلام)، قال: (إذا سلمت، فارفع يديك بالتكبير ثلاثا).

            ReplyDelete
          12. We do not know the tareeq of Sayyid Ibn al-Tawoos to Ahmad bin `Alee, therefore this would be majhool. This is in Ibn Tawoos' book FalaaH al-Saa'il. My main point of this blog was not to go against this act, because it is stated to be a mustaHab act, but mainly to think that this act somehow ends your salaah, or you have to do it if you do not you are no Shee`ah, etc.

            ReplyDelete
          13. Could you please give an accurate word-to-word translation of what I posted for everyone's benefit? JazakAllah Khayr.

            ReplyDelete
          14. وعن أحمد بن علي، عن محمد بن الحسن، عن محمد بن الحسن الصفار، عن يعقوب بن يزيد، عن حماد عن حريز، عن زرارة، عن أبي جعفر (عليه السلام)، قال: (إذا سلمت، فارفع يديك بالتكبير ثلاثا).

            From Zuraarah from Abee Ja`far (AS) said: "When you say tasleem, then raise your hands in takbeer three (times)"

            ReplyDelete
          15. Let me give the source where this is coming from.

            Ibn Tawoos' book FalaaH al-Saa'il. Taken from al-Majlisi's BiHaar al-Anwaar, vol. 83, ch. 38, pg. 22, hadeeth # 22:

            فَلَاحُ السَّائِلِ، رَوَى جَعْفَرُ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ الْقُمِّيُّ فِي كِتَابِ أَدَبِ الْإِمَامِ وَ الْمَأْمُومِ عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ مُوسَى عَنْ أَبِي عَلِيِّ بْنِ هَمَّامٍ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْفَزَارِيِّ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ الزَّيَّاتِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ مِثْلَهُ وَ رَوَاهُ أَيْضاً عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ الصَّفَّارِ عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ إِذَا سَلَّمْتَ فَارْفَعْ يَدَيْكَ بِالتَّكْبِيرِ ثَلَاثاً

            There are many issues with this, as I will break down.

            1. We do not know how al-Majlisi received Ibn Tawoos' book, therefore the tareeq of FalaaH al-Saa'il is da`eef (weak).

            2. We do not know how Ibn Tawoos received the Ja`far bin Ahmad al-Qummi's book "Kitaab Adab al-Imaam wa al-Ma'moon", therefore that tareeq is da`eef (weak).

            First chain:
            3. جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْفَزَارِيِّ = Ja`far bin Muhammad bin Maalik. The same da`eef (weak) guy who is in the original hadeeth I posted in my blog post.

            4.ِ الْحُسَيْنِ الزَّيَّاتِ = الحسين بن بسطام And he is majhool (unknown).

            5. مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ = Da`eef (weak).

            Second chain:
            أَحْمَدَ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ, I am not able to locate who this person is. I know Ibn al-Waleed has a some named Ahmad that narrates from him, but it would be Ahmad bin Muhammad, not Ahmad bin `Alee.

            Wa `Alaykum Assalaam.

            ReplyDelete
          16. Jazakallah for your effort

            ReplyDelete
          17. Keep in mind that the action ITSELF is NOT bidah. It is a fardh/wajib dua which one must say after salat. However, it IS bidah to BELIEVE that it is PART of salat, and that is the end. It is a dua AFTER salat.

            ReplyDelete