Saturday, April 30, 2011

Surahs to Recite in Salat / Namaz

Here are two Authentic aHaadeeth showing us what the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) used to recite in his Salaah. I have made a blog post titled “Excellence of Memorizing the Qur’aan”, so if we do not have these Surahs memorized, inshaa’Allaah we can try to memorize them.


مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ بِإِسْنَادِهِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ عِيسَى بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الْقُمِّيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص يُصَلِّي الْغَدَاةَ بِعَمَّ يَتَسَاءَلُونَ- وَ هَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ الْغَاشِيَةِ- وَ لَا أُقْسِمُ بِيَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ وَ شِبْهِهَا وَ كَانَ يُصَلِّي الظُّهْرَ بِسَبِّحِ اسْمَ- وَ الشَّمْسِ وَ ضُحَاهَا وَ هَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ الْغَاشِيَةِ- وَ شِبْهِهَا وَ كَانَ يُصَلِّي الْمَغْرِبَ بِقُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ- وَ إِذَا جَاءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَ الْفَتْحُ وَ إِذَا زُلْزِلَتْ- وَ كَانَ يُصَلِّي الْعِشَاءَ الْآخِرَةَ بِنَحْوِ مَا يُصَلِّي فِي الظُّهْرِ وَ الْعَصْرَ بِنَحْوٍ مِنَ الْمَغْرِبِ

From `Eesa bin `Abd Allaah Al-Qummee from Abee `Abd Allaah (عليه السلام) said: “The Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) used to pray Al-Ghadaa’ (Al-Fajr) with `Amma Yatasaa’aloon (Surah Al-Naba’ – No. 78), Hal Ataaka Hadeeth Al-Ghaashiyah (Surah Al-Ghaashiyah – No. 88), Laa Uqsimu bi-yamil qiyaamah (Surah Al-Qiyaamah – No. 75) and similar ones (that are like those surahs). And he (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) used to pray Al-Dhuhr with SabbiHisma (Surah Al-`Ala – No. 87), wa Al-Shams wa Al-DuHaahaa (No. 91), Hal Ataaka Hadeeth Al-Ghaashiyah (Surah Al-Ghaashiyah – No. 88) and similar ones (that are like those surahs). And he (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) used to pray Al-Maghrib with Qul Huwa Allaahu aHad (Surah Al-IkhlaaS – No. 112), Idhaa Jaa’a NaSrullaahi wa al-fatH (Surah Al-NaSr – No. 110), Idhaa Zulzilat (Surah Zilzalah – No. 99). And he (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) used to pray the final Al-`Ishaa’ with the same of what he recited in Al-Dhuhr, and (he used to pray) Al-`aSr with the same (surahs he recited in) Al-Maghrib.
Source:
1.     Al-Toosi, Tahdheeb Al-aHkaam, vol. 2, pg. 95 – 96, hadeeth # 123
Grading:
1.       Al-Majlisi said this hadeeth is Muwaththaq Kal-SaHeeH (Reliable like Authentic)
à Milaadh Al-Akhyaar, vol. 3, pg. 580
2.       MuHsin Al-Hakeem said this hadeeth is Hasan or SaHeeH (Good or Authentic)
à Mustamsak Al-`Urwah Al-Wuthqa, vol. 6, pg. 278
3.     Al-Majlisi I (Al-Majlisi’s father) said this hadeeth is Muwaththaq Kal-SaHeeH (Reliable like Authentic)
à RawDah Al-Muttaqeen, vol. 2, pg. 292
4.     Al-Sabzawaaree said this hadeeth is SaHeeH (Authentic)
à Dakheerah Al-Ma`aad, vol. 2, pg. 278
5.     Yoosuf Al-BaHraanee said this hadeeth is SaHeeH (Authentic)
à Hadaa’iq Al-NaaDirah, vol. 8, pg. 178


وَ عَنْهُ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ الْخَرَّازِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ فِي حَدِيثٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع أَيُّ السُّوَرِ تُقْرَأُ فِي الصَّلَوَاتِ قَالَ أَمَّا الظُّهْرُ وَ الْعِشَاءُ الْآخِرَةُ تُقْرَأُ فِيهِمَا سَوَاءً وَ الْعَصْرُ وَ الْمَغْرِبُ سَوَاءً وَ أَمَّا الْغَدَاةُ فَأَطْوَلُ وَ أَمَّا الظُّهْرُ وَ الْعِشَاءُ الْآخِرَةُ فَسَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الْأَعْلَى- وَ الشَّمْسِ وَ ضُحَاهَا وَ نَحْوُهَا- وَ أَمَّا الْعَصْرُ وَ الْمَغْرِبُ فَإِذَا جَاءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ- وَ أَلْهَاكُمُ التَّكَاثُرُ وَ نَحْوُهَا- وَ أَمَّا الْغَدَاةُ فَعَمَّ يَتَسَاءَلُونَ- وَ هَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ الْغَاشِيَةِ- وَ لَا أُقْسِمُ بِيَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ- وَ هَلْ أَتَى عَلَى الْإِنْسَانِ حِينٌ مِنَ الدَّهْرِ

From Muhammad bin Muslim said, I said to Abee `Abd Allaah (عليه السلام) which suwar (pl. surah) do you recite in prayers? He (عليه السلام) said: As for Al-Dhuhr and the final Al-`Ishaa’ you recite in it same (type of surahs), and Al-`aSr and Al-Maghrib the same (type of surahs), and as for Al-Ghadaa’ (Al-Fajr) it is the longest. As for Al-Dhuhr and the final Al-`Ishaa’ (recite) SabbiHisma (Surah Al-`Ala – No. 87), wa Al-Shams wa Al-DuHaahaa (No. 91) and its like. And as for Al-`aSr and Al-Maghrib (recite) Idhaa Jaa’a NaSrullaahi wa al-fatH (Surah Al-NaSr – No. 110), Al-Haakum Al-Takaathur (Surah Al-Takaathur – No. 102) and its like. And as for Al-Ghadaa’ (Al-Fajr) (recite) `Amma Yatasaa’aloon (Surah Al-Naba’ – No. 78), Hal Ataaka Hadeeth Al-Ghaashiyah (Surah Al-Ghaashiyah – No. 88), Laa Uqsimu bi-yamil qiyaamah (Surah Al-Qiyaamah – No. 75), Hal Ata `ala al-insaan Heen min al-dahr (Surah al-Insaan – No. 76).”
Source:
1.     Al-Toosi, Tahdheeb Al-aHkaam, vol. 2, pg. 95, hadeeth # 122
Grading:
1.       Al-Majlisi said this hadeeth is SaHeeH (Authentic)
à Milaadh Al-Akhyaar, vol. 3, pg. 580
2.       MuHsin Al-Hakeem said this hadeeth is SaHeeH (Authentic)
à Mustamsak Al-`Urwah Al-Wuthqa, vol. 6, pg. 278
3.     Shaheed Al-Thaanee said this hadeeth is SaHeeH (Authentic)
à RawDah Al-Jinaan, vol. 2, pg. 712
4.     Al-Majlisi I (Al-Majlisi’s father) said this hadeeth is SaHeeH (Authentic)
à RawDah Al-Muttaqeen, vol. 2, pg. 292
5.     Al-Sabzawaaree said this hadeeth is SaHeeH (Authentic)
à Dakheerah Al-Ma`aad, vol. 2, pg. 278
6.     Yoosuf Al-BaHraanee said this hadeeth is SaHeeH (Authentic)
à Hadaa’iq Al-NaaDirah, vol. 8, pg. 178
7.     Aboo Al-Qaasim Al-Qummee said this hadeeth is SaHeeH (Authentic)
à Ghanaa’im Al-Ayyaam, vol. 2, pg. 548
8.     Al-Najafee said this hadeeth is SaHeeH (Authentic)
à Jawaahir Al-Kalaaam, vol. 9, pg. 401



Here is a table to make it easier for the readers to know what types of surahs are recommended to read for which salaah.

Salaah
Surah Name
Surah # (Respectively)
Al-Fajr (Al-Ghadaaa’)
Qiyaamah, Insaan, Naba', Ghaashiyyah
75, 76, 78, 88
Al-Dhuhr
`Ala, Shams, Ghaashiyyah
87, 91, 88
Al-`aSr
Ikhlaas, Nasr, Zilzalah, Takaathur
112, 110, 99, 102
Al-Maghrib
Ikhlaas, Nasr, Zilzalah, Takaathur
112, 110, 99, 102
Al-`Ishaa’
`Ala, Shams, Ghaashiyyah
87, 91, 88


10 comments:

  1. In the first hadith - the Muwathaqa of Isa bin Abdillah, in the surahs to be recited in Dhuhr, as per your translation, shouldn't it be 'Wa shamsi wa dhuhaha' The first verse (as a name) of a single surah i.e number 91.

    What is surah Al-DuHaahaa (chapter number 93)?

    Isn't that al-Dhuha not mentioned in this narration?

    ReplyDelete
  2. And similarly for the second narration - it should be 'Wa shamsi wa dhuhaha' a single sura and not 'Wa shamsi' and 'Al-DuHaahaa'.

    Please make corrections for the table at the end, sura al-Dhuha is not recommended at all for recitation in these narrations.

    Finally, Thank you for the wonderful job you are doing brother, May Allah (s.w.t) bless you.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Assalaamu `Alaykum,

    Wow! I can't believe I made that mistake. I did this post late late at night, so my brain wasn't fully functioning. I have fixed the issues.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Salamu Alaikom,

    Great post brother.

    Thank you

    ReplyDelete
  5. Wonderful post. Nader, can you set up a twitter account in which you update as soon as you add new hadiths to get a broader audience.

    ReplyDelete
  6. Assalaamu `Alaykum,

    I am not a big twitter guy brother. But if you want to make an account for the blog, and update it whenever we have a new post. I would really appreciate it.

    ReplyDelete
  7. Asalamou 'aleykoum,

    And sourate al-Fatiha?

    ReplyDelete
  8. Salam:

    I was wondering if you can reconcile the following with a hadith. This is from ayatullah Sistani:

    1027. It is Mustahab that in all the prayers, one should recite Surah Inna Anzalnahu in the first Rak'at, and Surah Qul huwallahu Ahad in the second Rak'at.


    So is there a hadith that suggets that???

    shukran

    ReplyDelete
  9. Hazrat Ali (R.A) na farmaya ka apna ALLAH ko ye na batta k teri takleef kitni bari ha
    belka apni takleef ko batta ka tera ALLAH kitna bara ha ..
    Hafiz Ahmed Raza Qadri Naats

    ReplyDelete