Sunday, June 3, 2012

Three Worst of Creations

Here is a Ḥasan (Good)[1] or Ṣaḥīḥ (Authentic)[2] ḥadīth which shows us three prideful things for a mu’min (believer), and the three worst or most evil of creations which afflicted the best of creations.

The sanad seems like it only starts with al-Ḥasan b. al-Maḥbūb, but this is one of the truncated asānīd (pl. of sanad) that al-Kulaynī employs in his al-Kāfī, especially in the al-Rawḍah, volume 8 of al-Kāfī.

I have combined the sanad for you, in order for you to see the full chain of narrators.

علي بن إبراهيم عن أبيه‏ عن ابن محبوب عن عبد الله بن سنان قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع يَقُولُ ثَلَاثٌ هُنَّ فَخْرُ الْمُؤْمِنِ وَ زَيْنُهُ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَ الْآخِرَةِ الصَّلَاةُ فِي آخِرِ اللَّيْلِ وَ يَأْسُهُ مِمَّا فِي أَيْدِي النَّاسِ وَ وَلَايَتُهُ الْإِمَامَ مِنْ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ ع
`Alī b. Ibrāhīm from his father from al-Ḥasan b. Maḥbūb from `Abd Allāh b. Sinān said, I heard Abā `Abd Allāh (عليه السلام) say, ‘Three (things) are prideful for the mu’min and his adornment in this world and the next.
1.    Salāh at the end of the night
2.    His despairing of which is in the hands of the people
3.    His Wilāyah of the Imām from family of Muḥammad (عليه السلام)

قَالَ وَ ثَلَاثَةٌ هُمْ شِرَارُ الْخَلْقِ ابْتُلِيَ بِهِمْ خِيَارُ الْخَلْقِ أَبُو سُفْيَانَ أَحَدُهُمْ قَاتَلَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ص وَ عَادَاهُ وَ مُعَاوِيَةُ قَاتَلَ عَلِيّاً ع وَ عَادَاهُ وَ يَزِيدُ بْنُ مُعَاوِيَةَ لَعَنَهُ اللَّهُ قَاتَلَ الْحُسَيْنَ بْنَ عَلِيٍّ ع وَ عَادَاهُ حَتَّى قَتَلَهُ
He (عليه السلام) said, ‘Three are the worst of creations, which afflicted the best of the creations,
1.    Abū Sufyān, he fought the Messenger of Allāh and hated him (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)
2.    Mu`āwiyah, he fought `Alī (عليه السلام) and hated him (عليه السلام)
3.    Yazīd b. Mu`āwiyah, may Allāh curse him, he fought al-Ḥusayn b. `Alī (عليه السلام) and hated him until he killed him (عليه السلام).[3]




[1] al-Majlisī said this ḥadīth is Ḥasan (Good) (See: al-Majlisī, Mir’āt al-`Uqūl, vol. 26, pg. 178)
[2] Hādī al-Najafī said this ḥadīth has a Ṣaḥīḥ Isnād (See: Hādī al-Najafī, Mawsū`ah Aḥādīth Ahl al-Bayt, vol. 4, pg. 445, ḥadīth # 5115; vol. 5, pg. 305, ḥadīth # 6058; vol. 8, pg. 333, ḥadīth # 10164)
[3] al-Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 8, pg. 234, ḥadīth # 311


Bibliography


al-Kulaynī. al-Kāfī. Ed. `Alī Akbar al-Ghaffārī. 3rd. 8 vols. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmiyyah, 1388.
al-Majlisī. Mir’āt Al-`Uqūl. 26 vols. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmiyyah, 1410.
al-Najafī, Hādī. Mawsū`ah Aḥādīth Ahl al-Bayt. 1st. 12 vols. Beirut: Dār Iḥyā’ al-Turāth al-`Arabī, 1423/2002.

1 comment:

  1. Salam aleikum

    I would rather translate the heading as "The worst of creation which afflicted the best of creation"

    Because according to Ahadith there are other "worst of creation" generally speaking?

    What do you think?

    Wasalam

    ReplyDelete