Here is a Hasan (Good) hadeeth Al-Qudsi (Sacred Hadeeth) about what Allaah (عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ) thinks of those who interpret His (جل جلاله) words by his/her own opinion. This hadeeth shows that you must interpret the Qur’aan only through the Ahl Al-Bayt (عليهم السلام), and not by our opinions. This hadeeth also shows the abandonment of Qiyaas (analogical reasoning).
حدثنا محمد بن موسى بن المتوكل رضي الله عنه قال حدثنا علي بن إبراهيم بن هاشم عن أبيه عن الريان بن الصلت عن علي بن موسى الرضا عن أبيه عن آبائه عن أمير المؤمنين ع قال قال رسول الله ص قال الله جل جلاله ما آمن بي من فسر برأيه كلامي و ما عرفني من شبهني بخلقي و ما على ديني من استعمل القياس في ديني
From Al-Rayyaan bin Al-Salt from `Alee bin Moosa Al-RiDaa from his father from his fathers from Ameer Al-Mu’mineen (عليه السلام) said: The Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said: “Allaah (جل جلاله) said: ‘No one believes in me whoever interprets my words with his own opinions, and no one recognizes me whoever likens me to my creations, and no one is upon my religion whoever employs Qiyaas (analogical reasoning) in my religion’”
1. Al-Sadooq, `Uyoon Al-Akhbaar, vol. 1, ch. 11, pg. 115, hadeeth # 4
This is very important.
Thank you for posting this.
This is hadith qudsi, which means that it's the kalaam of Allah swt, and the hadith warns against interpreting the kalaam of Allah swt according to ones Ra'y. So by this hadith one cannot interpret this hadith, as one cannot interpret the kalaam of Allah according to Ra'y.ReplyDelete
Basically, if you take 'ra'y' to mean any opinion other than that of ma'sumeen, then this hadith is incomprehensible without a ma'sum interpreting it.
Interpretation isn't necessary for this because it is straight forward.ReplyDelete